by Abe Collins



We used milk, Sea-Crop, planned grazing of livestock herds and Keyline subsoil plowing. The combined inputs/management had the effect of converting subsoil to topsoil at about 8" per year in 2008. Pretty exciting! Not very scientific information, but compelling enough to warrant some real research.


Digging the hole


Measuring an additional eight inches of topsoil


Grazing and fertilizing