The, possibly, erroneous assumption that these materials are monatomic
intimately involved with our theory about how superconductivity works
what we call the ORMUS materials, as you will soon see.
According to conventional superconductivity theory, a material must be
a solid crystalline matrix in order to become a superconductor. Type I
are single element metals which are cooled to near absolute zero in
to achieve this crystalline matrix state. Type II superconductors can
an appropriate crystalline state at a much higher temperature (near the
of liquid nitrogen; still colder than any natural temperature on
They do this by creating a sort of "egg crate" crystalline spacing
a variety of elements in a molecular compound like yttrium, barium,
The reason that the crystalline matrix is required is because the
in the superconductor-candidate material must be able to pair up into
physicists call "Cooper pairs". The Cooper pairing of electrons
allows the electrons to store the energy, which is put into the
I imagine that an electron Cooper pair is like a little circuit or
battery which can store a very large amount of energy.
As these Cooper paired "circuits" get charged up, an energy "field"
around them. This energy field excludes other fields (like magnetic)
and, probably, gravity. What this means is that a " charged"
will exclude a magnetic field to the extent that the superconductor
levitate over a magnet. This is called the Meissner effect and is used
the main indicator that superconductivity is occurring.
A crystalline matrix provides the proper spacing so that the electrons
pair up without forming chemical bonds. With type I and type II
this matrix is crucial.
A colleague postulated (in 1996) that the ORMUS elements can be single
superconductors because their electrons pair up within the single
or diatomic unit. You can read this colleagues description of his
When a group of particles "condense" into a single unified state
of superconductor and superfluid behaviors they become a special state
matter called a "Bose-Einstein condensate" (BEC). The BEC state in
atoms was recently achieved in the laboratory by cooling a group of
to within a millionth of a degree of absolute zero.
The particles, which are capable of quantum behaviors like
and superfluidity, are called "bosons". A boson must be composed of an
number of sub-particles. (particles with an odd number of sub particles
called "fermions".) This means that a single unit superconductor must
Since metallic gold, for example, is a fermion--with an odd number (79)
protons and electrons--it theoretically could not become a monatomic
In order for a gold atom to become a single unit superconductor it
have to form a Bose-Einstein condensate with at least one other gold
Of course, then it would not be monatomic gold since two atoms of gold
be "condensed" into a single unit structure with 158 protons and
You can read about how this principle was demonstrated with helium 3 on
Institute of Physics web page at:
Here is the quote from that page:
"A superfluid is a liquid that flows without viscosity or inner
For a liquid to become superfluid, the atoms or molecules making up the
must be cooled or "condensed" to the point at which they all occupy the
quantum state. A liquid of helium-3, an atom whose nucleus is made up
an odd number of particles, is a type of particle known as a fermion.
of fermions are not allowed to occupy the same quantum state.
By cooling the liquid to a low enough temperature, helium-3 atoms can
up (left panel). The number of particles in each nucleus adds up to an
number, making it a type of particle known as a boson. Groups of bosons
fall into the same quantum state, and therefore superfluidity can be
Helium-4 (middle panel), a boson, does not need to pair up to form a
groups of helium-4 atoms condense into the superfluid state at about 2
above absolute zero. Superfluidity, especially the kind that exists in
is analogous to conventional low-temperature superconductivity, in
electrons flow through certain metals and alloys without resistance. In
superconductor (right panel), electrons, which are fermions, pair up in
metal crystal to form "Cooper pairs," bosons which can then condense
a superconducting state."
ORMUS gold has demonstrated superconductive properties in a
form. You can see a short video that I took of some ORMUS gold that we
from metallic gold at:
This video demonstrates magnetic levitation of particles of ORMUS gold.
these particles are obviously not in a rigid crystalline matrix we can
this as evidence that we have a bosonic form of gold (probably a
di-atom or larger).
From this experiment and others I think that it is fair to presume that
the ORMUS elements are non-crystalline superconductors.
The magnetic vortex traps that I have designed also depend on the
magnetic levitation of the ORMUS elements. You can find several
trap designs on my web site at:
Since these magnetic traps work on water and air (which are both
this is further evidence that these elements are single unit
which do not require a crystalline matrix. Therefore, we should
refer to them as type III superconductors.
Their magnetic levitation and gravity nulling properties appear to be
to what I call "spin coherence". You can read my spin coherence
You can read more about why I do not believe that these substances are
generally monatomic at: