by Barry Carter

Created: September 23, 2012

Modified: March 30, 2013



Our health and well being is dependent on getting enough of the nutrients we need and dependent on avoiding the toxins that are harmful. Nutrients and toxins are related in that most (or all) nutrients also seem to have a level at which they are toxic. One of the most toxic minerals - arsenic - has recently been found to be an essential mineral nutrient at very low levels:


Magnesium, which is an essential mineral nutrient, also has a level at which it is toxic. Here is a quote on this from:


"But excessive use of magnesium supplements can be toxic."


The nutrient or toxin status of some elements also seems to be related to their ratio in combination with other elements. For example, sodium is a toxic metal and chlorine is a toxic gas yet when they are combined you get salt, which is an essential nutrient.


A newly discovered group of mineral nutrients appear to be essential for animal and plant health:


but they are depleted from our soil whenever we ship food off site and flush our waste into the seas:


These nutrients also appear to increase brain coherence and intelligence:


More info on these minerals is at:


Like other nutrients, these newtrients may also have toxic levels or combinations.


Ocean water contains a mix of the solubilized minerals from every continent. This mix of minerals, according to René Quinton (1866-1925), is approximately the same as the minerals in human blood:


One primary difference between mineral content of sea water and blood is that blood has about a third the amount of sodium as sea water. The high levels of sodium in sea water may also be why it is not advisable to use sea water directly on plants. In 1976, Dr. Maynard Murray published a small book titled Sea Energy Agriculture:


Note the following quotes from this book:


On a worldwide basis then, about 4 billion tons of dissolved material are carried to the sea by rivers each year. The most soluble elements are first picked up by rainwater and that is the reason why sodium chloride (common table salt) is so scarce on land, yet abundant in the sea.


Since it is true that major work is being done on the physiological role of trace elements and no element has been ruled out as possibly being important in physiology, why then did I become interested in the use of whole seawater as a fertilizer? The answer lies, at least partially, in the fact that while some 20 elements have been determined as having a role in physiology, there remain the additional 72 elements which make up the atomic table.


It has been estimated that a definite physiological role for a particular element is newly discovered on an average of one every 10 years. Thus, it is apparent that we may have to wait for five or even six hundred years before all are discovered unless the rate of discovery is markedly increased. The very nature of the scientific method precludes that the researcher is not a generalist so the process only allows isolation of one variable at a time in order to identify that variable’s specific role. I am not seeking to disparage the work of men in such fields as soil science, plant physiology, animal husbandry and medicine in general, however I am suggesting that we simply cannot wait for the inferred number of years for every remaining element to be identified and its role in physiology to be specifically defined! For example, since only a few of the enzymes have had their necessary trace elements identified, only around nine trace elements are listed under “Recommended Dietary Allowances.” However, since thousands of enzymes have been identified, there are undoubtedly thousands more enzyme-trace element joint functions remaining that must be isolated and described. The article “Trace Elements: No Longer Good Versus Bad” describes such action as follows: “A trace may stick to an enzyme like a sidekick and alter its structure, or it may help carry glucose through the cell membrane as part of its function.”


Our health simply cannot wait for the exact role of each element to be discovered.


As the oceans have become saltier over time, I suspect that land based plants and animals have adapted to tolerate lower levels of sodium while ocean based plants and animals have adapted to tolerate higher levels of sodium.